In 1580, a sucessory crisis on Portugal
forced a personal union with the neighbor Kingdom of Spain, in an episode called "Iberian Union
", ended in 1640
, when Portugal, taking the opportunity caused by Spanish participation in Thirty Year's War
, restored its sovereignty.
Received with rare enthusiasm in Portugal, the news couldn't be more demotivational to the Brazilian colony, specially the captaincy of São Vicente
: its mercenaries (called "bandeirantes"
), thanks to weak Portuguese-Spanish borders in South America during Iberian Union, travelled around the continent enslaving natives and searching for natural resources, in expeditions reaching as far as Quito. Their struggle were enough to establish a captaincy bordering Amazonia on the north, the Chaco on the east and the Pampas on the south.
But the enforcement of Portuguese rule was prejudicing the economic interests of the captaincy of São Vicente, specially near Buenos Aires, what made a group of local Castileans proclaim Amador Bueno
, captain-major, ombudsman and son of a Sevillean, "king of São Paulo". Initially contraried with the idea, Bueno decided to accept the title and conduct the new kingdom, with the help of Spain, on a battle against Portuguese rule. One of first decisions of new government was expelling the Jesuits, a resistence against indian slavery, from the kingdom.
Spanish involvement in Thirty Year's War and Catalan Revolt
made Paulista resistence endangered, but the end of the first gave extra breath to the fight; in 1674, Portugal finally regained the rule of the territory - or almost all the territory, as it have to cede some important points in Platine basin.
The text above is an alternative timeline exercise. In our timeline, Amador Bueno recused the title, hailed the new Portuguese king and convinced his fellow citizens doing the same.
The flag: Two swords in saltire (symbolism below), charged with the coat of arms of the kingdom, quartered as follow:
1. The crossed swords are a hagiographic symbol of St. Paul the Apostle, patron saint of the new kingdom and its main city, Piratininga (now São Paulo). Moreover, it's a symbol of bandeirantes' courage and force.
2. An adaptation of the supposed coat of arms
of Amador Bueno lineage.
3. The cross of the Order of Christ, carried by the bandeirantes and a symbol of the Catholicism of the kingdom.
4. The bandeirantes used to wear a doublet with cotton inside and tapir leather outside, to protect themselves from natives' arrows; on the coat of arms, it's also a symbol of the resistance against Portuguse struggles.
The quarters, deliberately, had the same tinctures from the coat of arms of the Crown of Castile.